Posts Tagged ‘festival’

Tribes of Jharkhand

April 7, 2009

The tribes of Jharkhand consist of 32 tribes inhabiting the Jharkhand state in India. The tribes in Jharkhand were originally classified on the basis of their cultural types by the world-renowned Indian anthropologist late Professor L. P. Vidyarthi. His classification was as follows:

  • Hunter-gatherer type — Birhor, Korwa, Hill Kharia
  • Shifting Agriculture — Sauria Paharia
  • Simple artisans — Mahli, Lohra, Karmali, Chik Baraik
  • Settled agriculturists — Santhal, Munda, Oraon, Ho, Bhumij etc.

Tribal groups celebrate festivals like Sarhul, Karam, Tusu Parab or Makar, Hal Punhya, Bhagta Parab, Rohini, Bandna & Jani-Shikaar.

Tribal groups are experts in making some of the art works like Chhou mask, woodwork, Bamboo Artwork, Pottery, jewellery, Godna (spiritual tattoo ornaments) and weapons. Most of the tribal groups are good in metal works, which are done for agricultural purpose, hunting and weapons.